OSHA Proposes Rule Requiring Electronic Submission of Injury and Illness Reports

On November 7, 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) announced a proposed rule to require certain employers to submit injury and illness reports electronically. This proposal does not create additional recordkeeping or reporting duties for employers. Rather, it would dictate how this information must be submitted to OSHA.

Depending on the employer’s size and industry, OSHA would require the quarterly, annual or limited electronic submission of work-related employee injury and illness reports that these employers are already required to maintain under current regulations.

OSHA is providing the public a 90-day window to comment on the proposal. All comments must be sent to OSHA for evaluation by February 6, 2014. In addition, OSHA will hold public hearings on this subject in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 2014. As with any proposal, it may be some time before OSHA finalizes a rule concerning this issue and the final rule may vary considerably from the proposal.

Quarterly Electronic Filing Requirement

Under the proposed rule, the quarterly electronic filing requirement applies only to establishments that:

  • Are already under an obligation to report work-related employee injuries and illnesses; and
  • Had at least 250 employees during the previous calendar year, including full-time, part-time and seasonal workers.

These employers would be required to submit some of the entries they already make on OSHA Forms 300 and 301. Information from OSHA Form 300A would still be required annually. The proposal would not apply to establishments that are exempt from keeping injury and illness records under OSHA regulations. Partial exemptions for employers in some industries may be possible.

OSHA estimates that this will present a small burden to employers when compared to the benefits derived from the proposed rule.

Annual Electronic Filing Requirement

Under the proposed rule, the annual electronic filing requirement applies only to establishments that:

  • Are already under an obligation to report work-related employee injuries and illnesses;
  • Belong to an identified high-risk industry; and
  • Had at least 20 employees during the previous year.

These employers would be required to submit information from their annual summary (OSHA Form 300A). This requirement would replace the current requirement to fill out and send the annual survey.

OSHA opted to propose an annual instead of a quarterly requirement for these establishments to avoid placing an unnecessary additional burden on them because some may not have on-site Internet access.

The list of identified, high-risk industries is compiled by using the data reported by all reporting establishments. Currently, the list of identified, high-risk industries includes industries where, on average, employers experienced two or more serious injuries or illnesses per every 100 full-time employees (DART rate in BLS SOII), excluding four selected transit industries where local government is a major employer.

The data used was from the 2009 report, but OSHA expects to update this information by the time of the final rulemaking if more current information is available. Below is the list of affected industries based on the 2009 information.






Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting






Local Messengers and Local Delivery




Warehousing and Storage




Cable and Other Subscription Programming


Wholesale Trade


Lessors of Real Estate


Automotive Parts, Accessories and Tire Stores


Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing


Furniture Stores


Consumer Goods Rental


Home Furnishings Stores


General Rental Centers


Building Material and Supplies Dealers


Services to Buildings and Dwellings


Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores


Waste Collection


Grocery Stores


Waste Treatment and Disposal


Department Stores


Remediation and Other Waste Management Services


Other General Merchandise Stores


Home Health Care Services


Used Merchandise Stores


General Medical and Surgical Hospitals


Direct Selling Establishments


Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals


Scheduled Air Transportation


Specialty (except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals


Inland Water Transportation


Nursing Care Facilities


General Freight Trucking


Residential Mental Retardation, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Facilities


Specialized Freight Trucking


Community Care Facilities for the Elderly


Charter Bus Industry


Other Residential Care Facilities


Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Land


Vocational Rehabilitation Services


Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water


Spectator Sports


Support Activities for Air Transportation


Amusement Parks and Arcades


Support Activities for Rail Transportation


Gambling Industries


Support Activities for Water Transportation


Traveler Accommodation


Support Activities for Road Transportation


Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance


Other Support Activities for Transportation


Dry Cleaning and Laundry Services

Limited Electronic Filing Requirement

Under the proposed rule, OSHA may require certain employers to electronically submit specific information from their existing work-related employee injury and illness records from time to time.

These requests will be limited to certain employers in certain industries and will require specific information for a limited period. Employers will be expected to comply with these requests only during the interval or period specified in the notice.

OSHA will notify affected employers of their obligation by mail, through a publication in the Federal Register, a notification in OSHA’s newsletter and an announcement on OSHA’s website.

OSHA expects to collect this information to:

  • Identify emerging hazards;
  • Characterize specific areas of concern; or
  • Target inspection and outreach initiatives under OSHA’s emphasis program.

Secure Website

As part of this proposed rulemaking, OSHA is planning to create and maintain a secure website for the collection of employee injury and illness report data. According to OSHA, the website would allow for direct data entry and the submission of batch file uploads.

OSHA is accepting public comments and recommendations on the design of the system to make sure it addresses issues of efficiency and confidentiality.

Implementation Costs

OSHA believes that the benefits of this proposal outweigh the costs of its implementation. Currently, OSHA estimates that the new rule will result in $11.9 million in expenses each year with an average cost of:

  • $183 per year for affected establishments with 250 or more employees; and
  • $9 per year for affected establishments with 20 or more employees in designated industries.

Benefits of the Proposed Rule

OSHA believes that having direct, timely and systematic access to useful, accessible and establishment-specific data will enable it to better identify, target, remove and abate workplace safety and health hazards.

The following are a number of the benefits that may result from implementing the proposed rule.

  • Improved compliance with OSHA’s directive to provide every worker a safe and healthful working environment and to preserve human resources by requiring appropriate reporting procedures related to occupational health and safety
  • Increased workplace safety as a result of targeting compliance assistance and enforcement efforts more effectively
  • Increased workplace safety as a result of making data available to the public and to employers, encouraging employers to maintain and improve safety efforts
  • Employers’ ability to compare their own rates to the rates of their peers and their industries’ safety leaders
  • Workers’ ability to compare their employers’ rates to the rates of other employers and the industry safety leaders
  • Availability of an establishment’s compliance history and safety reputation for the general public (this could allow the public to make informed decisions about the companies with which they choose to do business)
  • Improved research on occupational health and safety by identifying patterns of injury that are usually masked by the aggregation of injury dates in existing data sources


Employers and others who wish to learn more about the proposed rule, and to have a discussion of possible alternatives to the rule, are encouraged to visit OSHA’s website and submit their comments and concerns electronically, by mail or by fax. Horst Insurance will continue to monitor this proposal and will make additional information known to you as it becomes available.

This Health Care Reform Bulletin is not intended to be exhaustive nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as legal advice. Readers should contact legal counsel for legal advice.