Final Forms for 2018 ACA Reporting Released
Posted October 31, 2018
In late September 2018, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released final 2018 forms and instructions for reporting under Internal Revenue Code (Code) Sections 6055 and 6056.
- 2018 Forms 1094-C and 1095-C (and related instructions) are used by applicable large employers (ALEs) to report under Section 6056, as well as for combined Section 6055 and 6056 reporting by ALEs who sponsor self-insured plans.
- 2018 Forms 1094-B and 1095-B (and related instructions) are used by entities reporting under Section 6055, including self-insured plan sponsors that are not ALEs.
The 2018 forms and instructions are substantially similar to the 2017 versions.
Employers should become familiar with these forms and instructions in preparation to use them for reporting for the 2018 calendar year. Individual statements for 2018 must be furnished by January 31, 2019, and IRS returns for 2018 must be filed by February 28, 2019 (April 1, 2019, if filed electronically, since March 31, 2019, is a Sunday).
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) created reporting rules under Code Sections 6055 and 6056 that require certain employers must provide information to the IRS about the health plan coverage they offer (or do not offer) or provide to their employees. Each reporting entity must annually file all of the following with the IRS:
- A separate statement (Form 1095-B or Form 1095-C) for each individual who is provided with minimum essential coverage (for providers reporting under Section 6055), or for each full-time employee (for ALEs reporting under Section 6056); and
- A transmittal form (Form 1094-B or Form 1094-C) for all of the returns filed for a given calendar year.
Reporting entities must also furnish related statements (Form 1095-B or 1095-C) to individuals.
Forms must generally be filed with the IRS no later than February 28 (March 31, if filed electronically) of the year following the calendar year to which the return relates. Individual statements must be furnished to individuals on or before January 31 of the year immediately following the calendar year to which the statements relate.
2018 Forms and Instructions
The 2018 forms and instructions are substantially similar to the 2017 versions. However, the Form 1095-C clarifies that the “Plan Start Month” box in Part II will remain optional for 2018. The IRS previously indicated that this box may have been mandatory for the 2018 Form 1095-C.
The previous 2017 versions of these forms are also currently available on the IRS website:
- Form 1094-B and Form 1095-B (and related instructions); and
- Form 1094-C and Form 1095-C (and related instructions).
These forms must have been filed with the IRS no later than February 28, 2018 (April 2, 2018, if filing electronically). However, the IRS extended the due date for furnishing individual statements for 2017 an extra 30 days, from January 31, 2018, to March 2, 2018.
According to the IRS, information returns under Sections 6055 and 6056 may continue to be filed after the filing deadline (both on paper and electronically). Employers that missed the filing deadline should continue to make efforts to file their returns as soon as possible.
The IRS also previously released:
- Q&As on Section 6055 and Q&As on Section 6056; and
- A separate set of Q&As on Employer Reporting using Form 1094-C and Form 1095-C.
Please contact Horst Insurance for more information on reporting under Code Sections 6055 and 6056.